Vata Dosha: Mind & Body

Let’s look at how Vata Dosha expresses itself in our Mind and Body:
The Vata Dosha – made up of the elements of Air & Space – the Sanskrit word Vata is derived from the verb ‘Va’ which means motion. Vata is responsible for all the movements in our body and also due to its continuous motion, keeps the life force to permeate all parts of the body.

There are 5 types of Vata depending on the function and the site of action:

  • The Pran – The word pran literally means the foremost to sustain life. It controls the functions of respiration, salivation, sneezing, and more. The site of Prana vayu is the head, chest, throat, tongue, mouth & nose.
  • The Udan – Udan literally means to cause upward movement.The functions of Udan are strength, enthusiasm, complexion, and memory. Its sites of action are the umbilicus, chest & throat, and the naso-pharynx.
  • The Saman  saman is responsible for regulating the secretion of digestive juices, to regulate the passage of food through stomach and small intestine, to help the digestive fire to digest the food properly, to segregate the nutrients from the waste products during digestion of food, and to help in the absorption of nutrients from the nutrient rich food juice formed after the process of digestion. Its site of action is the umbilical region.
  • The Vyan Vyan is responsible for the pulsation of the heart and the circulation of blood along with the nutrients absorbed from the gut. It is responsible for all voluntary motions of the limbs as well as reflex actions like the blinking of eyes. It presides and act all over the body.
  • The Apaan Apaan is responsible for controlling the excretion of faeces and urine and the ejaculation of semen. It also facilitates the delivery of a fetus. Its sites of action are the urogenital region, umbilical region, the thighs, and groin.
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