Berry Almond Crisp Recipe

Ayurvedic Recipes: Berry Almond Crisp With Cardamom Custard

Custard is yummy especially when it’s laced with cardamom and cinnamon.  Add to that fresh spring berries (supreme cleansers for the body) as the main attraction—sweetened with just a drizzle of maple syrup and spiked with a splash of vanilla. Dessert by no means needs to sabotage your day. 

Eastern View: The aromatic seeds called cardamom are filled with soothing, relaxing and antispasmodic essential oils. Cardamom stimulates the digestion and alleviates intestinal spasms and pain, it can also prevent coughing and helps with spring allergies. Cardamom decreases all the doshas and has a cooling but sweet digestive effect.

Cardamom stimulates the agni (digestive fire) without aggravating pitta and also clears excess kapha from the stomach. Used for nausea, burping and acidity – it’s a great spice to work on any spring sluggishness.

Cinnamon: Cinnamon is used in Ayurveda as a major digestive herb. Just as a bark protects a tree, cinnamon protects and strengthens the intestines. It’s an appetite increaser and has the quality of destroying toxins. It is known as a cardio tonic, reduces Vata and Kapha and in excess can increase Pitta. It’s a strengthening spice that has an effect on digestion, the lungs and circulation.

Useful especially in spring, cinnamon clears mucus from the lungs, and encourages circulation throughout the respiratory system. It can be used to clear ama (digestive toxins) by encouraging sweating. Cinnamon works on a sluggish digestion by increasing digestive fire (agni) and as it also regulates vata, is great for that vata type of gas and bloating. Also useful in pitta type of loose stools and is used as a treatment for candida or thrush.

If Reynaud’s syndrome is your problem, increase the amount of cinnamon you take and it is especially useful in arthritis as its warm, dry and light qualities clear excess ama (toxins) from the joints.

 

Western View: ​Cardamom is related to ginger and can be used in much the same way to counteract digestive problems. Use it to combat nausea, acidity, bloating, gas, heartburn, loss of appetite, constipation, and much more. This spice also helps to detoxify by efficiently enhancing the removal of waste products through the kidneys. Part of the reason cardamom is such a good detoxifier is thanks to the diuretic properties. It helps clean out the urinary tract, bladder, and kidneys, removing waste, salt, excess water and toxins. It combats infections too.

Apart from helping with bad breath, cardamom is used for mouth ulcers and infections of the mouth and throat, and this pungent spice may help prevent and relieve cold and flu symptoms. It’s also used for bronchitis and coughs.

Animal studies are showing promise that cardamom protects against, inhibits growth, and even kills some cancers; and as a diuretic and fiber-rich spice, cardamom significantly lowers blood pressure.

Many of the vitamins, phytonutrients, and essential oils in cardamom act as antioxidants, cleaning up free radicals and resisting cellular aging. Like ginger and turmeric, its relatives, cardamom has some anti-inflammatory properties that limit pain and swelling, especially in mucus membranes, the mouth, and throat.

Cardamom is an anti-spasmodic that can help get rid of hiccups. This also applies to other involuntary muscle spasms, like stomach and intestinal cramps.

Cinnamon is just loaded with antioxidants and these protect the body from oxidative damage caused by free radicals. In a study that compared the antioxidant activity of 26 spices, cinnamon wound up as the clear winner, even outranking “superfoods” like garlic and oregano.1

Inflammation in the body is incredibly important. It helps the body fight infections and repair tissue damage. However, inflammation can become a problem when it is chronic (long-term) and directed against the body’s own tissues. Cinnamon may be useful in this regard, because some studies show that the antioxidants in it have potent anti-inflammatory activity.2

Cinnamon has been linked with reduced risk of heart disease, the world’s most common cause of premature death; and in people with type 2 diabetes, 1 gram of cinnamon per day has beneficial effects on blood markers. It reduces levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, while HDL cholesterol remains stable.3

In animal studies, cinnamon has been shown to reduce blood pressure.4 When combined, all these factors may drastically cut the risk of heart disease.

Cinnamon is well known for its blood sugar lowering effects.Apart from the beneficial effects on insulin resistance, cinnamon can lower blood sugar by several other mechanisms. First, cinnamon has been shown to decrease the amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream after a meal. It does this by interfering with numerous digestive enzymes, which slows the breakdown of carbohydrates in the digestive tract.4,5,6
Second, a compound in cinnamon can act on cells by mimicking insulin.7,8 This greatly improves glucose uptake by cells, although it acts much slower than insulin itself. Numerous human trials have confirmed the anti-diabetic effects of cinnamon, showing that it can lower fasting blood sugar levels by up to 10-29%.9,10,11

Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by progressive loss of the structure or function of brain cells. Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease are two of the most common types. Two compounds found in cinnamon appear to inhibit the buildup of a protein called tau in the brain, which is one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease.12,13,14

In a study looking at mice with Parkinson’s disease, cinnamon helped to protect neurons, normalize neurotransmitter levels and improve motor function.15

Berry Almond Crisp Recipe

Ingredients

For The Topping

1/2 cup old-fashioned rolled oats
1/4 cup spelt flour
1/4 cup cane or maple sugar
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
3 tablespoons coconut oil, melted
2 teaspoons maple syrup
1 1/2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
1/2 cup raw almonds, toasted and chopped

For The Filling

6 cups blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1 tablespoon arrowroot or cornstarch
2 tablespoons maple syrup
1 teaspoon grated orange zest
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
Cardamom Custard

Directions

Heat oven to 350 degrees and position rack in lower third. Combine topping ingredients in a bowl.
Combine filling ingredients in another bowl. Pour filling into a 9-inch pie dish and sprinkle with topping.
Place dish on a parchment-lined baking sheet and bake until bubbling and golden, about 50 minutes. (Tent with foil if becoming too dark.) Let cool slightly and serve topped with Cardamom Custard.

Cardamom Custard

Ingredients

  • 1/2 cup raw cashews
  • 2 cups, plus 1 Tbsp plain rice milk
  • Pinch coarse salt
  • 1 tablespoon maple syrup
  • 5 cardamom pods, crushed
  • 1 1/2 teaspoon arrowroot or cornstarch
  • 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract

Directions

In a blender, process cashews, 2 cups milk, salt, and syrup for 1 minute. Transfer mixture to a saucepan, add cardamom, and bring to a boil, whisking. Reduce heat and simmer, covered, 15 minutes.
In a bowl, whisk remaining tablespoon milk and the arrowroot until smooth. Add to saucepan and thicken mixture over medium heat, whisking, 30 seconds. Remove from heat and stir in vanilla.
Strain custard into a bowl and let cool slightly, then transfer to refrigerator.
Serve chilled.

References

1 Shan B, Cai YZ, Sun M, Corke H. Antioxidant capacity of 26 spice extracts and characterization of their phenolic constituents. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53(20):7749-59.
2 Savarese JJ, Lowenstein E. The name of the game: no anesthesia by cookbook. Anesthesiology. 1985;62(6):703-5.
3 Khan A, Safdar M, Ali khan MM, Khattak KN, Anderson RA. Cinnamon improves glucose and lipids of people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(12):3215-8.
4 Savarese JJ, Lowenstein E. The name of the game: no anesthesia by cookbook. Anesthesiology. 1985;62(6):703-5.
5 Adisakwattana S, Lerdsuwankij O, Poputtachai U, Minipun A, Suparpprom C. Inhibitory activity of cinnamon bark species and their combination effect with acarbose against intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2011;66(2):143-8.
6 Mohamed sham shihabudeen H, Hansi priscilla D, Thirumurugan K. Cinnamon extract inhibits α-glucosidase activity and dampens postprandial glucose excursion in diabetic rats. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2011;8(1):46.
7 Jarvill-taylor KJ, Anderson RA, Graves DJ. A hydroxychalcone derived from cinnamon functions as a mimetic for insulin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Am Coll Nutr. 2001;20(4):327-36.
8 Imparl-radosevich J, Deas S, Polansky MM, et al. Regulation of PTP-1 and insulin receptor kinase by fractions from cinnamon: implications for cinnamon regulation of insulin signalling. Horm Res. 1998;50(3):177-82.
9 Kirkham S, Akilen R, Sharma S, Tsiami A. The potential of cinnamon to reduce blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2009;11(12):1100-13.
10 Pham AQ, Kourlas H, Pham DQ. Cinnamon supplementation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(4):595-9.
11 Mang B, Wolters M, Schmitt B, et al. Effects of a cinnamon extract on plasma glucose, HbA, and serum lipids in diabetes mellitus type 2. Eur J Clin Invest. 2006;36(5):340-4.
12 Peterson DW, George RC, Scaramozzino F, et al. Cinnamon extract inhibits tau aggregation associated with Alzheimer’s disease in vitro. J Alzheimers Dis. 2009;17(3):585-97.
13 George RC, Lew J, Graves DJ. Interaction of cinnamaldehyde and epicatechin with tau: implications of beneficial effects in modulating Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis. J Alzheimers Dis. 2013;36(1):21-40.
14 Anderson RA, Qin B, Canini F, Poulet L, Roussel AM. Cinnamon counteracts the negative effects of a high fat/high fructose diet on behavior, brain insulin signaling and Alzheimer-associated changes. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(12):e83243.
15 Anderson RA, Qin B, Canini F, Poulet L, Roussel AM. Cinnamon counteracts the negative effects of a high fat/high fructose diet on behavior, brain insulin signaling and Alzheimer-associated changes. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(12):e83243.

 

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Kerry Harling is a National Ayurvedic Medical Association (NAMA) certified practitioner, a certified yoga teacher and TED speaker. She is the only Ayurveda Practitioner attached to the Consortium, with her home practice at the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Integrative Medicine. She is the CEO of The Holistic Highway, a wife, a mother, a sister and a daughter and lives in Bristol Rhode Island with her husband.

3 comments

  1. Vicky Freese-Brayer

    Hi, could you explain how this recipe would fit in with the Ayurvedic food combining rules or if there is an exception to the ‘eat fruits alone’ rule. Thanks.

    • Hello Vicky,
      great question. Fruits and animal products are a difficult combination. It takes longer to digest animal protein so when we eat fruits at the same time, the fruit ferments and we experience gas and bloating.however, we can have fruits with other things too.

      So it is a little more nuanced than just no fruit with anything else. We also have to take into account the strength of agni, the time of day and the season we are in…and the fruit. One fruit that should never be eaten with anything else are melons.

      I hope that helps Vicky, and I am happy to chat with you if you still have questions.

      Warm regards,
      Kerry

      • Jeffery Troy Anderson

        Why should melon not be eaten with anything ? and how long should the duration be before eating something after consuming melon?

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