amenorrhea dyspareunia remedies causes management

What Is Amenorrhea? Causes, Management + Ayurvedic Remedies For Amenorrhea

What is Amenorrhea?

The term amenorrhea means the absence of menstruation. In this article, we’ll be focusing on how Ayurvedic treatments and remedies can help in managing amenorrhea.

The term is used to characterize the absence of a menstrual periods/cycle (for 2-3 consecutive months) in women and adolescent girls.

Types And Causes Of Amenorrhea

Primary Amenorrhea – This is when menstruation doesn’t start by the age of 14 years.

Some of the possible causes of primary amenorrhea can be chromosomal or genetic abnormalities like Turner syndrome.

It can also occur due to problems in the brain’s hypothalamus or pituitary gland. These problems can cause an imbalance in hormones which prevent the occurrence of periods.1

amenorrhea remedies types causes

Secondary Amenorrhea – This is when menstruation is absent for six months or more in someone with an otherwise regular menstrual pattern.

Secondary amenorrhea is further divided into two subtypes depending on the causes — physiological causes and pathological causes.

Physiological causes of secondary amenorrhea can be pregnancy, lactation period, and post-menopause.

Pathological causes of secondary amenorrhea can be uterine infections, endometritis, pituitary gland dysfunction, ovarian problems, and others.1

See Also: How To Induce Your Period With Ayurveda

Hypothalamic Amenorrhea – In hypothalamic amenorrhea, the hypothalamus, a gland which regulates the body’s metabolic processes, slows or stop releasing GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) hormone.

This hormone is responsible for initiating the menstrual cycle1. This can be caused due to low caloric/fat intake, emotional stress, strenuous exercise, and others.

Ayurvedic scholar Sushruta described secondary amenorrhea as nastratava (absence of menstruation).

Considering the Ayurvedic perspective on amenorrhea, the causes can be attributed to Pitta Kasa (decrease in pitta dosha) and increase of Kapha and Vata doshas.

Ayurvedic Treatments And Remedies For Amenorrhea

In the context of secondary amenorrhea, remedies and treatments should involve measures to increase Pitta and to decrease Vata and Kapha doshas like the following.

  • Undergoing appropriate panchakarma therapies based on your prakriti (body constitution).
  • Administering herbal medication with tiktha (bitter) and katu (pungent) rasa (taste).
  • Samshamana (palliative) care through herbal medication such as varanadi kashayam, rajopravartini vati, kumaryasavam, jirakasristam2

See Also: Panchakarma Program Theory

Another Ayurvedic procedure that is recommended for amenorrhea is vasti/basti (medicated enema), which can be administered in rajo nasha (absence of menstruation)2

Basti For Amenorrhea

Vasti (medicated enema) can be divided into two types based on the route which is administered.

  • Enema done via the anorectal route (anuvasa vasti and astapana basti)
  • Enema done via other routes like mutramarga (urinary tract).2

The herbs used in basti therapy can be tailored to manage a wide variety of specific symptoms. They can also be used to repair and build and nourish the tissue.

In the case of amenorrhea, the classical Ayurvedic medical text Astanga Hridaya mentions the following.

  • Anuvasa vasti (oil-based medical enema), astapana vasti (decoction, quatha enema) based),  and uttara basti (the type of vasti used specifically for male and female infertility).
  • You can refer to Ayurvedic texts to know more about the different types of basti procedures and their benefits.
  • Research studies have shown that holistic health approaches are helpful in managing amenorrhea.3

Ayurvedic Dietary Guidelines For Amenorrhea4

Masa/Black Gram

black gram remedies for amenorrhea

  • Madhura (sweet in taste).
  • Ushna (hot in potency)
  • Increases Pitta dosha
  • It contains iron, an important mineral for initiating menstruation.
  • Rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and devoid of cholesterol.
  • They can be consumed in sweet or savory taste combinations.

Kulattha/Horse Gram

horse gram

  • Its kashya (astringent) in taste
  • its potency is ushna, hot
  • It increases Pitta dosha
  • It reduces Vata dosha
  • It contains vitamins, proteins, and iron.
  • Horse gram soup or sprouts can be incorporated into your daily diet

Tila/Sesame Seeds

sesame seeds for amenorrhea

  • Sweet, bitter taste.
  • Hot in potency
  • Pacifies Vata dosha
  • You can fry the seeds and consume it two times a day.
  • Sesame seeds help in inducing uterine contractions.

Jirka/Cumin

cumin

  • Cumin seeds are generally rich in iron.
  • Young women need iron to initiate menstruation as well as to replace blood loss during menstruation
  • Iron deficiency is one of the common nutrient deficiencies which can affect the menstruation cycle

Ginger/Zingiber officinale

ginger home remedies

  • Ginger is very useful in regulating menstrual flow.
  • Consuming ginger in the form of juice may be an excellent home remedy for dealing with irregular periods.

Almonds

almonds for amenorrhea

  • Almonds are a good source of vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, potassium, biotin, and copper.
  • You can soak the almonds in water overnight and consume it later day for better reproductive health.

Dadima/Pomegranate

pomegranate

  • Dadima is known to pacify all three doshas.
  • Pomegranate has the potential to thin blood and because of this property, consuming pomegranates may help you lessen blood clots during the menstruation.
  • You can consume the pomegranate fruit as well as its juice.

Kandakari/Solanum virginianum L.

  • It is katu in taste
  • Its potency is hot.
  • Seeds of kandakari may be used in treating amenorrhea and irregular periods.

Foods to be avoided to reduce the occurrence of amenorrhea are potatoes, jack fruit, cold foods/drinks like ice creams, sodas, ready-to-eat frozen foods.

Please consult your Ayurvedic practitioner before trying the procedures, dietary guidelines, or remedies for amenorrhea mentioned in this article. Consult your primary healthcare provider if you have been irregular. 

References

  1. What causes amenorrhea? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/amenorrhea/conditioninfo/causes#f2
  2. Ashtanga Hridaya by Vagbhata 9th edition by Varanasi Chaukambha Orientalia, Sutrastana Chapter 19.
  3. B. Yazbek, J. Tezoto, F. Cassas, and E. Rodrigues, Plants used during maternity, menstrual cycle and other women’s health conditions among Brazilian cultures, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 179, (310), (2016
  4. Nishteswar, K. (2016, July 13). Ayurvedic Concept of Food and Nutrition. Retrieved from https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/ayurvedic-concept-of-food-and-nutrition-2155-9600-1000530.php?aid=76428

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Sruthi Bhat is an Ayurvedic Physician from India. She received her BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) in 2014 from Amrita Ayurveda Medical College, Kollam and Master of Public Health from Nova southeastern university, Florida. She is listed as BAMS doctor with AAPNA (Association of Ayurveda Practitioners of North America). After completing her BAMS degree, she shadowed an Ayurvedic Physician, Dr. Beena, who is an expert in the field of Shalakya (ENT disorders) and herbal remedies. She also learned hands-on, panchakarma techniques to manage and reduce the risk of occurrence of chronic disease conditions. As a part of the Master of public health degree, She did her masters project, “Integrative preconception care “at Ayurvedashram holistic health center. In this project, she integrated both Ayurvedic principles and modern techniques to improve the health of the mother as well as to achieve a good pregnancy outcome. During her project, she was mentored by Pari Mudiginty, who is NJ licensed pharmacist certified in MTM (Medication Therapy Management), Ayurvedic Practitioner and Founder of Ayurvedashram. Currently, Sruthi is working as a Wellness consultant and program coordinator at Param Wellness Center. She is also a Social media volunteer with the American Red Cross and freelance healthcare marketing specialist who’s delivered a creative and engaging post across various social media platform. www.linkedin.com/in/sruthi-bhat-2b717a145

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